Frosty resignation Leaves Boris Johnson with Brexit meltdown

Press quote (The Washington Post)
20 December 2021

To try to isolate Brexit effects, John Springford, deputy director of the Centre for European Reform, created a nifty algorithm that used pre-pandemic data on GDP, goods trade, population, industrial production and other factors to create a “doppelganger” UK that closely tracked the real UK. His model finds that goods trade was between 11% and 16% lower in October as a result of the UK leaving the single market in January 2021 — a cost of 12.6 billion pounds ($16.7 billion).