Research

Why cities must drive growth in the EU's single market

Why cities must drive growth in the EU's single market

John Springford, Sander Tordoir, Lucas Resende Carvalho
20 June 2024
By integrating European services markets and investing in cities with high potential, the EU can raise its anemic growth rate and spread economic activity beyond successful metropolises.
What will the EU election results mean for Europe?

What will the EU election results mean for Europe?

11 June 2024
The populist right and far right will not dominate the new European Parliament. But the election results will influence the EU’s agenda and legislation over the next five years.
China and the West: The gap is set to grow

China and the West: The gap is set to grow

05 June 2024
China’s relations with the US and the EU are likely to worsen, because of both its aid for Russia and its economic strategy.
Is the Spitzenkandidat process a waste of time?

Is the Spitzenkandidat process a waste of time?

03 June 2024
The Spitzenkandidat (lead candidate) process has not fulfilled its promise of engaging the average voter. Still, it has helped ‘europeanise’ the European Parliament elections and is worth persisting with.
Big tech rivalry could be the key to competition in AI

Big tech rivalry could be the key to competition in AI

30 May 2024
Competition authorities might need to accept that today’s large technology firms will play a key role in artificial intelligence. They need to focus on ensuring they compete fiercely – rather than peacefully co-exist.
Delivering the goods: An EU trade agenda for the next UK government

Delivering the goods: An EU trade agenda for the next UK government

28 May 2024
The Labour Party’s red lines will restrict its ambitions for changing the EU-UK relationship, but if it forms a government it should push Brussels for concessions, particularly on trade in goods.
The new migration and asylum pact: Smoke and mirrors?

The new migration and asylum pact: Smoke and mirrors?

23 May 2024
The EU’s new asylum rules are unlikely to make the current system more humane and effective, or less controversial. The EU should rethink its approach to co-operation with third countries.
Working hand in hand? EU-UK co-operation in supporting Ukraine

Working hand in hand? EU-UK co-operation in supporting Ukraine

20 May 2024
The EU and the UK have worked together closely to support Ukraine. Now they need to sustain support and strengthen their co-operation to be ready for possible US disengagement.
Europe must choose: Multiculturalism or stagnation?

Europe must choose: Multiculturalism or stagnation?

09 May 2024
An increasingly multi-ethnic society would safeguard Europe’s prosperity – or it can opt for nativism, labour shortages and higher taxes. 
Can the EU hold back the great tech decoupling?

Can the EU hold back the great tech decoupling?

03 May 2024
The US wants Europe to adopt stronger limits on high-tech goods trade with China. In response, the EU should insist the US stick with de-risking, not decoupling, and demand greater transatlantic economic co-operation.

Articles

Germany’s defense engagement in the Indo-Pacific is a balancing actGermany’s defense engagement in the Indo-Pacific is a balancing act

Germany’s defense engagement in the Indo-Pacific is a balancing act

15 June 2024
The Diplomat
Like the 2021 edition, Germany’s 2024 Indo-Pacific Deployment will signal Berlin’s commitment to the region – and the limits of its presence.
Can the EU hold back the great tech decoupling?

Can the EU hold back the great tech decoupling?

10 June 2024
Encompass
The US has been far more aggressive than the EU in constraining China. US leaders talk about having a “small yard with a high fence” with restrictions on trade and investment only in areas sensitive to national security.
Europe tilts right

Europe tilts right

10 June 2024
Ekathimerini
The votes are still being counted, but the European Parliament election results point to a surge of support for right-wing and far-right parties.
Chinese exports threaten Europe even more than the US

Chinese exports threaten Europe even more than the US

07 June 2024
Politico
Biden is right to heed working class voters in Pennsylvania. The Continent, which has even more to lose from a second China shock, better start listening to its workers too.

The new migration and asylum pact: Smoke and mirrors?

27 May 2024
Cyprus Mail
In April this year, the European Parliament agreed to a reform of the Union’s rulebook on migration and asylum, approving the different legislative files that make up the so-called New Migration and Asylum Pact.
Judy Asks: Are Europeans prepared to send troops to Ukraine?

Judy Asks: Are Europeans prepared to send troops to Ukraine?

16 May 2024
Carnegie Europe
Deploying troops to Ukraine, even for non-combat duties, entails risks most European countries are currently unwilling to take. The priority right now must be ramping up aid to Kyiv.

Press

EU should reform its regional spending

20 June 2024
Bloomberg
The EU should reform its regional spending — known as ‘cohesion policy’ — to tackle the divergences that services trade promotes, according to a report from the Centre of European Reform. Given that living standards in newer member states are converging with those in western European, “more regional funds should be directed towards city-regions with high growth potential, complementing existing allocations based on relative poverty,’’ researchers John Springford, Sander Tordoir and Lucas Resende Carvalho said.

Single market - Look to the cities

20 June 2024
Politico
The EU should rethink cohesion policy that focuses on developing remote or disadvantaged regions and target second-tier big cities that have substantial growth potential in services, argued the authors of a report from the Centre for European Reform.All about services: John Springford, Sander Tordoir and Lucas Resende Carvalho pointed to services exports within the single market as a big growth area that’s got more potential, especially for tech or finance. However, moves to deepen the internal market also risk expanding territorial divides, they warned. Cities that excel in services – and are set for more growth – are also those that have high-skilled workers, high research investment and good transport networks.

L’Europe a le choix entre multiculturalisme et stagnation

18 June 2024
Les Echos
Une société européenne multiethnique serait de nature à mieux préserver la prospérité de l'Europe, selon le think tank indépendant, Centre for European Reform.Selon le think tank britannique, Centre for European Reform (CER), il apparait de manière de plus en plus évidente que "de nombreux politiciens de centre-droit ont désormais choisi d'accepter les prémisses de cette rhétorique civilisationnelle, plutôt que de s'y confronter".

Labour’s EU plan will have ‘minimal’ impact on cost of Brexit

18 June 2024
Financial Times
John Springford, of the Centre for European Reform think-tank, said Labour’s decision to rebuff a youth mobility deal — one of the few concrete proposals from the European Commission so far — also sat uneasily with its demand for a deal on service professionals.

Election aftermath - MEPs to watch on economic and financial policy

14 June 2024
Euronews
“One key reason for Europe’s poor economic performance is low productivity, the lack of financing available for high-potential, high-risk businesses, and the barriers to innovative European firms building scale across the Union,” researchers from the think-tank Centre for European Reform (CER) wrote in a post-election analysis.  

Bound by rules and economics, EU trails US on China tariffs

14 June 2024
Reuters
Aslak Berg, research fellow at the Centre for European Reform, said the European Union was moving towards the U.S. position, but not to the same extent and that it was still using its traditional tools."It's more politically sensitive, but it's not legally different from cases of steel tariffs," he said, referring to Wednesday's action on EVs.

EU tariffs on Chinese EVs popular with industry, but China’s trade chamber warns against implications

12 June 2024
EurActiv
Sander Tordoir, chief economist at the Centre for European Reform, shared his view, saying: “We are responding. We are not the aggressor; we are merely levelling the playing field.” The problem of China’s government subsidies, he said, is exacerbated by low domestic consumption in the country, which makes its companies ever more dependent on exports.

Gulf money’s targeting of European telecoms raises hackles

11 June 2024
Politico
“Countries in the Middle East have such huge trade surpluses that they’re kind ofdesperate to find places to put dollars and euros. And I guess European telecomslooks pretty cheap at the moment,” said Zach Meyers of the Centre of EuropeanReform think-tank.

Europe's far right seeks policy influence to match seat gains

10 June 2024
Reuters
Luigi Scazzieri, senior research fellow at the Centre for European Reform, said the centre-right EPP has already cooled on attempts to fold broader environmental policies into the Green Deal package. Scazzieri said he could also envisage a right-wing push to increase external processing of migrants and a tougher passage of reforms required to allow EU enlargement, such as reducing the need for unanimity in decisions.

Labour might be a racing certainty, but it faces some big hurdles in government

09 June 2024
The Observer
The Centre for European Reform has estimated that UK annual tax revenues would have been about £40bn higher if the country had not left the EU.

Podcasts

CER Podcast: Unpacking Europe: Winners, losers and implications of the European elections

12 June 2024
Christina Keßler, Luigi Scazzieri and Zselyke Csaky discuss the European election results.

CER Podcast: Unpacking Europe: What to expect from a more right-wing European Parliament

29 May 2024
Christina Keßler, Zselyke Csaky and Luigi Scazzieri discuss the European Parliament elections.

CER Podcast: Unpacking Europe: How is China's foreign policy shifting?

Charles Grant, Dr Yu Jie
15 May 2024
Charles Grant and Dr Yu Jie discuss China's foreign policy.

CER Podcast: Unpacking Europe: Evaluating Enrico Letta’s report on the single market

24 April 2024
Aslak Berg and Zach Meyers discuss Enrico Letta's report.

CER Podcast: Unlocking better regulation in Europe

Zach Meyers, Anthony Teasdale
11 April 2024
Anthony Teasdale and Zach Meyers discuss better regulation.

Events

CER/Kreab breakfast on 'What will it take for the EU's capital markets union to finally take off?'

11 June 2024
Brussels
With John Berrigan, Director-General for Financial Stability, Financial Services & Capital Markets Union, European Commission

CER/HSF hybrid discussion on 'Why do the European Parliament elections matter?'

16 May 2024
Hybrid London/Zoom
With Eli Gateva, Catherine Fieschi, Tom Nuttall, Anja Richter, Nathalie Tocci and Klaus Welle