After the Brussels summit

After the Brussels summit: What next for the EU?

Briefing note
Charles Grant, Katinka Barysch, Steven Everts, Heather Grabbe, Daniel Keohane, Alasdair Murray
16 December 2003

The manner and speed at which the Brussels European Council collapsed took most observers by surprise. Heads of state and government had arrived on the morning of Friday 12 December 2003, expecting negotiations to last until late on Sunday 14. In the event, the Italian presidency called a halt to proceedings on midday on Saturday, after concluding there was no way of breaking an impasse over voting weights. With the benefit of hindsight, this failure seems less surprising.

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