Foreign policy & defence

'Old' and 'New' Europeans united

'Old' and 'New' Europeans united: Public attitudes towards the Iraq war and US foreign policy

John Springford
11 December 2003
Is there a clear and lasting division between new and old Europe at the level of public opinion? This paper looks at public opinion polls conducted in the EU-15 countries and ten new members that will join the EU in 2004, to see which countries' populations supported the Iraq war before and after it took place.
EU defence takes a step forward

EU defence takes a step forward

05 December 2003
The deal struck between Britain, France and Germany on the future of European defence is good news for those who believe that the EU should focus more on military capabilities than institutions.
Bulletin issue 39

Issue 39 - 2004

Charles Grant, Katinka Barysch, Steven Everts, Alasdair Murray
28 November 2003
Bulletin issue 33

Issue 33 - 2003

Charles Grant, Katinka Barysch, Steven Everts, Daniel Keohane, Adam Townsend
28 November 2003
The EU's new borderlands

The EU's new borderlands

Judy Batt
03 October 2003
With the 2004 enlargement, the EU will acquire many new neighbours, some of them unstable states with fragile economies. This working paper explains why the regions along the EU's new eastern border matter for Europe's security.
Resolving the rows over ESDP

Resolving the rows over ESDP

03 October 2003
European defence has returned to the top of EU governments’ agendas this year, with the divisions provoked by the Iraq war making it a highly sensitive subject. It is possible to argue that the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) has proceeded according to plan in 2003.

The EU must be tougher and more creative on Iran

Steven Everts
01 October 2003
Iran is a test case for EU foreign policy. After the Iraq debacle, the EU faces a daunting challenge. The Union must demonstrate it can stay united under pressure; act tough when necessary; and persuade Washington to adjust its overall strategy.
Tensions between Tehran and the West have risen markedly in...
Bulletin issue 32

Issue 32 - 2003

Katinka Barysch, Nick Butler, Steven Everts
26 September 2003

The way forward for European defence

Daniel Keohane
01 August 2003
The EU has lost its military virginity. At the request of the UN, the EU sent 1,500 troops to Congo at the beginning of June 2003. The Congo mission is significant for two reasons: it is both the first autonomous EU mission - one that does not rely on NATO's help - and the EU's first military operation outside Europe.
Eastern neighbourhood

Tough love for the EU's Eastern neighbours

Heather Grabbe and Henning Tewes
01 August 2003
After it embraces ten new members in 2004, the EU will have long borders with Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova. Few people in today's EU know or care much about these countries.
Bulletin issue 31

Issue 31 - 2003

Heather Grabbe, Henning Tewes, Daniel Keohane, Alasdair Murray
25 July 2003
Difficult but necessary

Difficult but necessary: A transatlantic strategy for the greater Middle East

Steven Everts
10 June 2003
The US and Europe have to succeed in an exceptionally difficult undertaking. They have to meet not just a single or double challenge, but a triple one: They need to prove, to each other and the rest of the world, that the principal rationale of the US-European partnership is indeed no longer the bilateral relationship and the broader European agenda, but their ability to tackle, together, the growing problems of a troubled world.

An unconventional bargain

Steven Everts and Daniel Keohane
02 June 2003
The Convention on the future of Europe has now entered its final phase. To the surprise of many it has already reached consensus on many elements of a new constitution for the EU.
Why the EU needs a security strategy

Why the EU needs a security strategy

Steven Everts, Heather Grabbe
14 May 2003
The EU urgently needs a security strategy. At present the notion of a credible European foreign policy provokes derisive laughter – and not just in Washington. What Europe lacks, even more than military capabilities, is a shared vision of today's security threats and adequate policy responses.
Europe needs an avant-garde for military capabilities

Europe needs an avant-garde for military capabilities

Daniel Keohane
04 April 2003
Europe has many lessons to learn from the Iraq crisis. Politically, Europe is divided between "old" (those countries that opposed the Iraq war) and "new" (those that supported the war). Europe’s lack of military muscle compared to the Americans was exposed by the short Iraq campaign. The gap in transatlantic...

War: Who is to blame

Pierre Hassner
01 April 2003
The French President has employed scorn and threats to insult sovereign European states, in a style reminiscent of comments made by Donald Rumsfeld and Richard Perle about France and Germany.
Bulletin issue 29

Issue 29 - 2003

Charles Grant, Pervenche Bérès MEP, Pierre Hassner
28 March 2003
Does enlargement matter for the EU economy?

Does enlargement matter for the EU economy?

Katinka Barysch
07 March 2003
The economies of the new member-states are too small to have much impact on the current EU. The EU as a whole has gained from enlargement and will continue to do so. But labour intensive industries and border regions will have to cope with increased competition. Germany, Austria and other...
The Europeans can stick together on Iraq

The Europeans can stick together on Iraq

Charles Grant, Steven Everts, Heather Grabbe
07 February 2003
The emergency EU summit on Iraq has produced a useful statement on what unites Europeans in their dealing with the Iraq crisis. After the very public squabbling of recent days and weeks, EU leaders pulled back from the brink and decided to underline the common ground between them. But deep...
Middle East

How Europe can help the Middle East peace process

Steven Everts
03 February 2003
The EU member-states are deeply divided over Iraq. But on the other great issue of the Middle East the Israel-Palestine conflict they have an increasingly common perspective.