Energy & climate

How should Europe handle China?: Annual report 2023

How should Europe handle China?: Annual report 2023

09 February 2024
The CER's annual report starts with an essay on how should Europe handle China. The report then highlights some of the CER's most important publications and events from 2023.
European Electricity Market Reform – ambitions and realities

European Electricity Market Reform – ambitions and realities

08 February 2024
The EU’s electricity market reforms do a good job of promoting more stable energy prices. But member-states must do more to deliver a fully integrated EU-wide energy market.
How to minimise the 'greenlash'

How to minimise the 'greenlash'

18 December 2023
A backlash over the EU’s green policies is not inevitable. Policy-makers should focus on designing green policies that make decarbonisation affordable, and highlight its social benefits.
EU climate and energy policy after the energy crunch

EU climate and energy policy after the energy crunch

05 December 2023
After the energy crunch, EU member-states should roll back ‘unlimited’ energy subsidies, further co-ordinate their energy policy – for example, to expand power grids – and accelerate the implementation of climate policy.
State of the Union: From Putin's war to a trade war?

State of the Union: From Putin's war to a trade war?

Zach Meyers, Camino Mortera-Martinez, Sander Tordoir
26 September 2023
If she wants the EU to be greener, fairer, and more resilient, Ursula von der Leyen, or whoever comes next, should stay away from trade spats and support a more ambitious industrial policy instead.
Reform of Europe's wholesale power markets: In need of a jolt?

Reform of Europe's wholesale power markets: In need of a jolt?

13 June 2023
The European Commission’s proposal to reform the electricity wholesale market is modest, but pragmatic. But the EU must strengthen the grid to improve its energy security: infrastructure planning should be co-ordinated at European level. 

Europe can withstand American and Chinese subsidies for green tech

12 June 2023
European policy-makers are fretting about subsidised green tech imports from the US and China. But shipping costs are increasingly discouraging imports of these goods from faraway countries.
Will the EU's reform of retail electricity markets help consumers?

Will the EU's reform of retail electricity markets help consumers?

19 April 2023
Retail energy markets in Europe have performed poorly during the recent crisis. The Commission’s proposed reforms are a step forward, but they should do more to empower consumers and protect the vulnerable. 

Europe needs both fiscal and energy solidarity

14 March 2023
EU governments should curb energy subsidies and raise support for clean energy investment. The EU should expand common borrowing to fund green investment: this would accelerate the energy transition.

Ditchley conference report: Macroeconomics in a time of pandemic and war

24 February 2023
In November, the CER held its annual economics conference on the macroeconomic consequences of the pandemic and Putin’s invasion of Ukraine.

A year of war in Europe: The balance sheet

22 February 2023
Since Russia attacked Ukraine, the CER has tracked the war’s effect on the protagonists, the EU, NATO and other powers. What conclusions can be drawn from the past year?

The impact of the war in Ukraine: Annual report 2022

10 February 2023
The CER's annual report starts with an essay on how the war in Ukraine is changing Europe. The report then highlights some of the CER's most important publications and events from 2022.
How to save energy in a smarter way

How to save energy in a smarter way

14 November 2022
Reducing energy demand can help Europe cope with high energy prices. Consumers need more than pleas to save energy: governments need to provide a mix of prompts, advice and rewards.
In defence of borrowing for climate action

In defence of borrowing for climate action

13 October 2022
Even though interest rates are rising globally, European governments should still borrow large sums to finance green projects. In some cases, the EU should help.
State of the Union: Seven months into Putin's war

State of the Union: Seven months into Putin's war

Camino Mortera-Martinez
28 September 2022
Ursula von der Leyen has managed to keep the EU together so far. The coming months will test this unity. 
The EU's energy plan for a difficult winter: What are the options?

The EU's energy plan for a difficult winter: What are the options?

09 September 2022
The European Commission’s new plan aims to cut electricity use to reduce prices and possible blackouts; to extract some of the windfall profits of energy companies; and to curb Russia’s gas revenues.
The impact of the Ukraine war on global energy markets

The impact of the Ukraine war on global energy markets

Nick Butler
14 July 2022
Instability in world energy markets will continue beyond the war in Ukraine. Europe will be less dependent on Russia’s fossil fuels, but a weakened Russia could still cause problems.
A G7 energy tariff on Russia would be better than a price cap

A G7 energy tariff on Russia would be better than a price cap

11 July 2022
A price cap on Russian oil would cut Russia’s income, but a tariff would help governments support households and businesses dealing with high energy prices.
A new EU fiscal regime could make the ECB truly independent

A new EU fiscal regime could make the ECB truly independent

30 June 2022
The ECB must be free to target inflation and prevent spreads rising without encouraging fiscal irresponsibility. A new, credible fiscal regime is needed, with a permanent EU green investment fund at its centre.

How to make EU fiscal rules compatible with net zero

Christian Odendahl, Claudio Baccianti
09 May 2022
EU governments will have to invest a lot more to meet 2030 emissions targets. Fiscal rules exemptions and more EU funding are needed to ensure Europe reaches its climate goals without political crises.

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