Foreign policy & defence

EU2010

EU2010: An optimistic view of the future

01 September 2000
The European Union's principal task in the first decades of the 21st century is to spread peace, stability, security and prosperity to the entire European continent. The chief mechanism for achieving this end is the enlargement of the Union.
Europe's military ambitions

Europe's military ambitions

Klaus Naumann
01 June 2000
The European Union's 'Headline Goal', agreed at the Helsinki Summit in December 1999, calls for the creation of a 60,000-strong rapid-reaction force by 2003. Turning that goal into reality is extremely difficult. To deploy and sustain such a force in a combat zone for a year would require - given...
Bulletin issue 12

Issue 12 - 2000

Charles Grant, Alasdair Murray, Klaus Naumann, Ben Hall
26 May 2000
Intimate relations: Can Britain play a leading role in European defence

Intimate relations: Can Britain play a leading role in European defence - and keep its special links to US intelligence?

05 May 2000
One of the most constant features of the geopolitical landscape is the special relationship between London and Washington on intelligence matters. One of the most rapidly changing and unpredictable elements of that landscape is the emergence of a European Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).
Europe and missile defence

Europe and missile defence

03 April 2000
On each side of the Atlantic a new defence initiative is seen from the other side as unnecessary, confusing and worrying: the Europeans' plan for a European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) and the Americans' plan for National Missile Defense (NMD).
Open the US defence market

Open the US defence market

Alexandra Ashbourne
01 February 2000
The consolidation of Europe's defence industry continues apace, with the creation of a Franco-German-Spanish combine, EADS, being the most significant move to date.
Corruption in Eastern Europe

Corruption in Eastern Europe

Liz Barrett
01 February 2000
Perhaps the greatest obstacle to the integration of Eastern Europe into the European Union - but the least discussed - is corruption. The problem is not absent in Western Europe or the EU institutions, of course, but in many parts of Eastern Europe bribery is endemic.
One cost of corruption...
Bulletin issue 10

Issue 10 - 2000

Charles Grant, Liz Barrett, Alexandra Ashbourne
28 January 2000
The impact of the euro on transatlantic relations

The impact of the euro on transatlantic relations

Steven Everts
07 January 2000
European Union is, almost by definition, subject to strain and tension. During the Cold War some stability was maintained by the common external threat that bound the NATO allies together under US leadership.
Pooling forces

Pooling forces

Tim Garden, John Roper
01 December 1999
After many years of talking about boosting their defence capabilities but doing very little, the Europeans have made substantial progress in 1999. European governments have begun to develop the defence dimension of their common foreign and security policy.
Bulletin issue 15

Issue 15 - 2000

Charles Grant, Heather Grabbe, Kirsty Hughes
26 November 1999
A golden opportunity for reform

A golden opportunity for reform

02 August 1999
It is easy to forget that the Eurosceptical mood of many EU countries is a recent phenomenon. In the late 1980s, when the EU's prime task was the creation of a single market, its popularity grew in every member-state.
Europe's defence industry

Europe's defence industry: A transatlantic future

Charles Grant, Gordon Adams, Alex Ashbourne, Luc Boureau, Bruce Clark, Chris Crane, Keith Hayward, Theresa Hitchens, Robbin Laird, Denis Verret and Stephan von Henneberg
02 July 1999
In December 1998 Europe's first major cross-border defence industry merger was imminent: a deal between British Aerospace (BAe) and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (Dasa) had been agreed and all but signed and sealed.
European defence post-Kosovo

European defence post-Kosovo

04 June 1999
European Union has long talked about building a defence capability, but done very little about it. In the first week of June 1999, however, two events gave a boost to the EU’s military aspirations. At the Cologne summit EU leaders agreed on a scheme that would enable the EU to...
The EU needs defence convergence criteria

The EU needs defence convergence criteria

François Heisbourg
01 June 1999
The countries of the European Union spend on defence around 60 per cent of the US defence budget (approximately $145bn versus $265bn). But Europe does not have anything close to half of US capabilities when it comes to strategic lift, strategic intelligence or command and control.
What next for Kosovo?

What next for Kosovo?

Michael Maclay
01 June 1999
Although the guns have yet to fall silent, there is an urgent need to sort out the rehabilitation of Kosovo. Even under the best of scenarios, this is going to be an expensive and excruciating business.
Issue 6 - 1999 file thumbnail

Issue 6 - 1999

François Heisbourg, Kitty Ussher, Michael Maclay, Andrew Marr
28 May 1999
The end of EADC

The end of EADC

Charles Grant, Alexandra Ashbourne
01 February 1999
A little over a year ago the political leaders of Britain, France and Germany launched their plan for a European Aerospace and Defence Company (EADC).
Bulletin issue 4

Issue 4 - 1999

Charles Grant, Kitty Ussher, Ben Hall, Alexandra Ashbourne, Kitty Ussher
29 January 1999
A new model of European integration?

A new model of European integration?

David Harrison
01 December 1998
Ben Hall writes interestingly about the distinction between looser, inter-governmental forms of EU co-operation and actual EU legislation ('detailed, centrally-set rules') in CER Bulletin Issue 2. I agree such a distinction is helpful. But is it in fact new?
Since at least 1964 (and the landmark case of Costa v ENEL)...