Research

Entrepreneurial Europe

Entrepreneurial Europe

Kitty Ussher
02 August 1999
Europe's biggest economic problem is that it lacks the kind of entrepreneurial culture that powers America's economy. There are not enough start-up companies or large companies that are capable of innovation.
Needed: An EU energy tax

Needed: An EU energy tax

Nina Marenzi
02 August 1999
There is no EU-wide energy tax, despite the fact that green parties now have a strong presence in the European political landscape and that such a tax could make the single market more effective.
Bulletin issue 7

Issue 7 - 1999

Charles Grant, Kitty Ussher, Nina Marenzi, Ben Hall
30 July 1999
Europe's defence industry

Europe's defence industry: A transatlantic future

Charles Grant, Gordon Adams, Alex Ashbourne, Luc Boureau, Bruce Clark, Chris Crane, Keith Hayward, Theresa Hitchens, Robbin Laird, Denis Verret and Stephan von Henneberg
02 July 1999
In December 1998 Europe's first major cross-border defence industry merger was imminent: a deal between British Aerospace (BAe) and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (Dasa) had been agreed and all but signed and sealed.
European defence post-Kosovo

European defence post-Kosovo

04 June 1999
European Union has long talked about building a defence capability, but done very little about it. In the first week of June 1999, however, two events gave a boost to the EU’s military aspirations. At the Cologne summit EU leaders agreed on a scheme that would enable the EU to...
The EU needs defence convergence criteria

The EU needs defence convergence criteria

François Heisbourg
01 June 1999
The countries of the European Union spend on defence around 60 per cent of the US defence budget (approximately $145bn versus $265bn). But Europe does not have anything close to half of US capabilities when it comes to strategic lift, strategic intelligence or command and control.
A mandate for convergence

A mandate for convergence

Kitty Ussher
01 June 1999
The government is missing a trick by failing to encourage the Bank of England to play an active part in ensuring Britain's economic convergence with the euro-zone.
The prime minister has repeatedly said joining EMU requires the UK's "sustainable convergence with the economies of the single currency". This doesn't mean exchange-rate...
What next for Kosovo?

What next for Kosovo?

Michael Maclay
01 June 1999
Although the guns have yet to fall silent, there is an urgent need to sort out the rehabilitation of Kosovo. Even under the best of scenarios, this is going to be an expensive and excruciating business.
Why Europe needs a constitution

Why Europe needs a constitution

Andrew Marr
01 June 1999
Europe cannot survive as a political entity without being a working democracy. Here are three simple propositions about how it can become one. The first is that nothing which is too complicated for the ordinary voter to understand can ever be democratic.
Issue 6 - 1999 file thumbnail

Issue 6 - 1999

François Heisbourg, Kitty Ussher, Michael Maclay, Andrew Marr
28 May 1999
Will EMU lead to a European economic government?

Will EMU lead to a European economic government?

David Currie, Alan Donnelly, Heiner Flassbeck, Ben Hall, Jean Lemierre, Tomasso Padoa-Schioppa, Nigel Wicks
07 May 1999
Both proponents and opponents of economic and monetary union (EMU) have always viewed it as an engine of further European integration and as another milestone on the road to an ill-defined 'political union'.
Name the day

Name the day: The business case for joining the euro

Colin Sharman
02 April 1999
Tony Blair's presentation to the House of Commons of a national changeover plan for the adoption of the euro, last February, will come to be seen as a defining moment in Britain's path towards economic and monetary union (EMU).
Scotland Europa: Independence in Europe?

Scotland Europa: Independence in Europe?

Matthew Happold
02 April 1999
There is a question mark over the future of the nation-state in Europe. National monetary sovereignty has been transferred to the European level in most EU states.
Europe's emerging political union

Europe's emerging political union

01 April 1999
As many Darwinians believe that evolution has progressed not steadily, but through occasional, sudden spurts. The European Union may be evolving in a similar way.
The danger of centralisation

The danger of centralisation

Ben Hall
01 April 1999
During Oskar Lafontaine's brief reign as German finance minister, Europe seemed to veer towards much greater centralisation of economic policy-making. He argued that governments needed to forge a more centralised system of economic policy-making.
Europe's wake up call

Europe's wake up call

Steven Everts
01 April 1999
"We've made it!" That was the predominant feeling among leading continental politicians and officials in the weeks after January 1st. The many merchants of doom had been proven wrong.
Bulletin issue 5

Issue 5 - 1999

Charles Grant, Ben Hall, Steven Everts
26 March 1999
Europe's uncertain identity

Europe's uncertain identity

Gilles Andréani
05 February 1999
The launch of the euro is a success of historic proportions. It is also the ultimate vindication of the method first sketched out nearly fifty years ago in the Schuman memorandum.
Russia in Europe

Russia in Europe

Rodric Braithwaite
05 February 1999
Russia is a European country, though a very peculiar one. Russia is also in deep crisis. But the situation in Russia is never as bad or as good as it seems.
The EU budget: An agenda for reform

The EU budget: An agenda for reform

John Peet, Kitty Ussher
05 February 1999
The nastiest arguments in the European Union, as in any family, are the ones about money. Communautaire sentiment soon evaporates when prime ministers start to haggle over the budget.