Research

The case for "Mr Euroland"

The case for "Mr Euroland"

Steven Everts
01 October 1999
Most discussions about the euro focus on what it means for the politics and the economy of the EU. The actual and potential external impact of EMU is often ignored.
Policing Europe

Policing Europe: EU justice and home affairs co-operation

Ben Hall, Ashish Bhatt
01 October 1999
Most observers of the European Union see the single currency as the principal driving force of European integration in the coming decade.
Bulletin issue 8

Issue 8 - 1999

Charles Grant, Ben Hall, Bernard Hughes, Steven Everts,
24 September 1999
A golden opportunity for reform

A golden opportunity for reform

02 August 1999
It is easy to forget that the Eurosceptical mood of many EU countries is a recent phenomenon. In the late 1980s, when the EU's prime task was the creation of a single market, its popularity grew in every member-state.
Entrepreneurial Europe

Entrepreneurial Europe

Kitty Ussher
02 August 1999
Europe's biggest economic problem is that it lacks the kind of entrepreneurial culture that powers America's economy. There are not enough start-up companies or large companies that are capable of innovation.
Needed: An EU energy tax

Needed: An EU energy tax

Nina Marenzi
02 August 1999
There is no EU-wide energy tax, despite the fact that green parties now have a strong presence in the European political landscape and that such a tax could make the single market more effective.
A single market in crime

A single market in crime

Ben Hall
02 August 1999
Crime is becoming increasingly international, and it is a big business. A recent United Nations report estimates that the global turnover of criminal organisations amounts to some £1,000 billion a year, considerably larger than the gross domestic product of Britain.
Bulletin issue 7

Issue 7 - 1999

Charles Grant, Kitty Ussher, Nina Marenzi, Ben Hall
30 July 1999
Europe's defence industry

Europe's defence industry: A transatlantic future

Charles Grant, Gordon Adams, Alex Ashbourne, Luc Boureau, Bruce Clark, Chris Crane, Keith Hayward, Theresa Hitchens, Robbin Laird, Denis Verret and Stephan von Henneberg
02 July 1999
In December 1998 Europe's first major cross-border defence industry merger was imminent: a deal between British Aerospace (BAe) and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (Dasa) had been agreed and all but signed and sealed.
European defence post-Kosovo

European defence post-Kosovo

04 June 1999
European Union has long talked about building a defence capability, but done very little about it. In the first week of June 1999, however, two events gave a boost to the EU’s military aspirations. At the Cologne summit EU leaders agreed on a scheme that would enable the EU to...
Why Europe needs a constitution

Why Europe needs a constitution

Andrew Marr
01 June 1999
Europe cannot survive as a political entity without being a working democracy. Here are three simple propositions about how it can become one. The first is that nothing which is too complicated for the ordinary voter to understand can ever be democratic.
The EU needs defence convergence criteria

The EU needs defence convergence criteria

François Heisbourg
01 June 1999
The countries of the European Union spend on defence around 60 per cent of the US defence budget (approximately $145bn versus $265bn). But Europe does not have anything close to half of US capabilities when it comes to strategic lift, strategic intelligence or command and control.
A mandate for convergence

A mandate for convergence

Kitty Ussher
01 June 1999
The government is missing a trick by failing to encourage the Bank of England to play an active part in ensuring Britain's economic convergence with the euro-zone.
The prime minister has repeatedly said joining EMU requires the UK's "sustainable convergence with the economies of the single currency". This doesn't mean exchange-rate...
What next for Kosovo?

What next for Kosovo?

Michael Maclay
01 June 1999
Although the guns have yet to fall silent, there is an urgent need to sort out the rehabilitation of Kosovo. Even under the best of scenarios, this is going to be an expensive and excruciating business.
Issue 6 - 1999 file thumbnail

Issue 6 - 1999

François Heisbourg, Kitty Ussher, Michael Maclay, Andrew Marr
28 May 1999
Will EMU lead to a European economic government?

Will EMU lead to a European economic government?

David Currie, Alan Donnelly, Heiner Flassbeck, Ben Hall, Jean Lemierre, Tomasso Padoa-Schioppa, Nigel Wicks
07 May 1999
Both proponents and opponents of economic and monetary union (EMU) have always viewed it as an engine of further European integration and as another milestone on the road to an ill-defined 'political union'.
Name the day

Name the day: The business case for joining the euro

Colin Sharman
02 April 1999
Tony Blair's presentation to the House of Commons of a national changeover plan for the adoption of the euro, last February, will come to be seen as a defining moment in Britain's path towards economic and monetary union (EMU).
Scotland Europa: Independence in Europe?

Scotland Europa: Independence in Europe?

Matthew Happold
02 April 1999
There is a question mark over the future of the nation-state in Europe. National monetary sovereignty has been transferred to the European level in most EU states.
Europe's emerging political union

Europe's emerging political union

01 April 1999
As many Darwinians believe that evolution has progressed not steadily, but through occasional, sudden spurts. The European Union may be evolving in a similar way.
The danger of centralisation

The danger of centralisation

Ben Hall
01 April 1999
During Oskar Lafontaine's brief reign as German finance minister, Europe seemed to veer towards much greater centralisation of economic policy-making. He argued that governments needed to forge a more centralised system of economic policy-making.