Research

The EU budget

The EU budget: Common future or stuck in the past?

Iain Begg
06 February 2004
The EU's common budget is small and rather rigid. Most of its outlays are determined years in advance, and most of them go on just two policies, namely support for farmers and poorer regions. Yet the EU budget invariably attracts acrimonious debate and close scrutiny out of all proportion to its economic significance.
Could a hard core run the enlarged EU?

Could a hard core run the enlarged EU?

Heather Grabbe, Ulrike Guérot
06 February 2004
The leaders of France, Germany and the UK meet in Berlin on 18 February 2004 to try to forge a joint agenda for the EU. The summit is partly aimed at a rapprochement between the 'Big Three' after Iraq.
Jobs for the boys

Jobs for the boys

Steven Everts
02 February 2004
Last year may have been an annus horribilis for the EU, but 2004 looks set to be just as divisive. In between negotiating a new EU budget and a possible starting date for Turkey's accession negotiations, EU leaders have to choose a new Commission president.
Poland: the EU's new awkward partner

Poland: the EU's new awkward partner

Heather Grabbe
02 February 2004
As a former member of Poland's communist Politburo, Leszek Miller has little in common with Margaret Thatcher or John Major. But the Polish prime minister has adopted very similar negotiating tactics in the EU.
Policing public sector aid

Policing public sector aid

Alasdair Murray
02 February 2004
Europe's powerful public sector trade unions are campaigning to protect public services from the disciplines of EU competition and state aid laws.
Bulletin issue 34

Issue 34 - 2004

Steven Everts, Heather Grabbe, Alasdair Murray
30 January 2004
Is Europe working?

Is Europe working?

Katinka Barysch
01 January 2004
With more than 14 million people out of work, unemployment is the EU's greatest economic problem. However, while EU policy-makers ponder Germany's 4.3 million unemployed, Britain's low labour productivity and Italy's greying workforce, they have missed one of Europe's key labour market challenges: eastward enlargement.
If the EU's labour market statistics...
EU constitution

Should Britain hold a referendum on the EU Constitution?

Steven Everts and Charles Grant
01 January 2004
Dear Charles,
European leaders are busy drawing up a constitution which will set out what tasks the EU should and should not perform; clarify who is responsible for what; and specify how the EU takes decisions. Once governments have agreed a final text, the question becomes: how should each country...
Security

A joined-up EU security policy

Daniel Keohane and Adam Townsend
01 January 2004
EU member-states disagree on whether the EU should have its own military headquarters, or continue to depend on NATO to help run EU operations. This dispute is becoming increasingly theological.
After the Brussels summit

After the Brussels summit: What next for the EU?

Charles Grant, Katinka Barysch, Steven Everts, Heather Grabbe, Daniel Keohane, Alasdair Murray
16 December 2003
The manner and speed at which the Brussels European Council collapsed took most observers by surprise. Heads of state and government had arrived on the morning of Friday 12 December 2003, expecting negotiations to last until late on Sunday 14.
'Old' and 'New' Europeans united

'Old' and 'New' Europeans united: Public attitudes towards the Iraq war and US foreign policy

John Springford
11 December 2003
Is there a clear and lasting division between new and old Europe at the level of public opinion? This paper looks at public opinion polls conducted in the EU-15 countries and ten new members that will join the EU in 2004, to see which countries' populations supported the Iraq war before and after it took place.
Germany – the sick man of Europe?

Germany – the sick man of Europe?

Katinka Barysch
05 December 2003
Germany was once the economic motor of Europe. Its large domestic market offered business opportunities for its smaller neighbours. Its high-quality machines powered manufacturing all across Europe. Its sound budget policies set the standard for the other EU countries. In the 1980s, however, the German motor began to sputter. It...
The CER guide to the Brussels summit

The CER guide to the Brussels summit

Charles Grant, Katinka Barysch, Steven Everts, Heather Grabbe, Daniel Keohane, Alasdair Murray
05 December 2003
It is six months since the European Convention, a gathering of parliamentarians, government representatives and experts, presented its draft for an EU constitutional treaty. Since November, the EU governments – the current 15, plus the ten due to join on 1 May 2004 – have been negotiating a revision of this draft, in an 'inter-governmental conference' (IGC).
EU defence takes a step forward

EU defence takes a step forward

05 December 2003
The deal struck between Britain, France and Germany on the future of European defence is good news for those who believe that the EU should focus more on military capabilities than institutions.
Bulletin issue 39

Issue 39 - 2004

Charles Grant, Katinka Barysch, Steven Everts, Alasdair Murray
28 November 2003
Bulletin issue 33

Issue 33 - 2003

Charles Grant, Katinka Barysch, Steven Everts, Daniel Keohane, Adam Townsend
28 November 2003
The case for a stronger European Parliament

The case for a stronger European Parliament

Lousewies van der Laan
07 November 2003
The EU urgently needs a stronger and reformed European Parliament (EP). With 60 per cent of all legislation affecting citizens' lives discussed in Brussels, EU decision-making must become more democratic.
A pact for stability and growth

A pact for stability and growth

Katinka Barysch
03 October 2003
The stability and growth pact – the EU’s fiscal rule book – is in tatters. The eurozone’s largest countries, Germany and France, are in breach of the pact, having exceeded the 3 per cent of GDP limit for budget deficits in 2002 and 2003. Theyare likely to do so again...
The EU's new borderlands

The EU's new borderlands

Judy Batt
03 October 2003
With the 2004 enlargement, the EU will acquire many new neighbours, some of them unstable states with fragile economies. This working paper explains why the regions along the EU's new eastern border matter for Europe's security.
Can the EU achieve an area of freedom, security and justice?

Can the EU achieve an area of freedom, security and justice?

Adam Townsend
03 October 2003
In 1997 the EU member-states committed themselves to constructing an 'area of freedom, security and justice' – a task at least as ambitious as the creation of the single market.